- Dr.Sabri Ates (South Methodist University, USA)
- “Uniting the Kurds under the Sultan’s banner: The Sheikh Ubeidullah Rebellion of 1880”
- In the last months of 1880 a momentous event occurred at the Ottoman-Iranian borderland. Under the command of the influential leader of a Sunni religious brotherhood who was an Ottoman citizen, Sheykh Ubeidullah of Nehri, tens of thousands of Iranian and Ottoman Kurds marched on Iran and for some time managed to control several cities. This movement and the response of the Iranian army resulted in great violence and displacement: tens of thousands of families left their ancestral lands, villages and towns were depopulated, civilians lost their lives, and the affected districts were laid to waste. In this presentation Dr. Sabri Ates will discuss whether this was the first Kurdish nationalist uprising or yet another Ottoman effort to incorporate the Sunni parts of Iran into the Ottoman Empire.